Robotic Process Automation is a high profile strategy that gets a lot of media attention with promises of tremendous efficiency gains, costs savings, improved compliance, audit trails, etc. There are countless stories of low hanging fruit being picked at large multi-national companies returning multiples of 5 and 10 times FTE cost savings through the use of RPA applications.
Can Small and Medium Businesses realize equivalent impacts? My own experience is suggesting it is not as simple or easy. Many of the RPA vendors (consulting companies and software companies) have a well-rehearsed pitch and presentation clearly aimed at the global companies with tens of thousands of employees. There is no obvious attention being paid to businesses in a single market, operating in a single currency, in a single language, with a smaller number of systems to connect. It appears at this stage of the market maturity for RPA, the money is easy enough to make with the bigger players, buying multi-pack licenses, with huge growth potential… It may be some time before the long tail of SMB companies is marketed too, in any serious manner.
RPA does still have impactful potential for SMB companies but the analysis and application needs to a lot more granular and explicit about avenues of costs savings beyond head-count reductions. In an SMB context, many of the process that should be automated will see FTE effort savings that will be less than 100% of 1 FTE. For sales order systems, the impacts beyond effort savings however, can be far greater in areas connected to:
- correct materials supplied the first time, every time
- cost savings in time, collections, inventory management if the wrong gear is sent out on the first order
- the wrong provisioning obviously impacts customer service
- the wrong provisioning may have impacts on cash flow relative to buying stock unnecessarily, increase in courier costs, admin and warehouse staffing at peak times or during large promotions
- correct bill the first time, every time
- errors on the first bill drive internal admin costs to correct systems, reverse transactions, issue credits
- errors on the first bill negatively impact customer service and may impact retention
The question for the business case writer is how to put a value on these types of improvements. It is possible to collate costs around provisioning (number of orders corrected times an average courier cost, times an hour of warehouse labour times an hour of admin systems updates, times a cost of cash…). These values are always debatable and open to interpretation. Senior managers will accept that there are real costs here and appreciate an attempt to value them. The cost of the impacts of the negative customer experience and potential for retention issues are difficult to quantify. All of these impacts are increased as it relates to the billing function as well.
The business case will detail a percentage of FTE savings, a percentage of provisioning and billing savings directly tied to efforts and costs for internal processes and a percentage of the value connected to good customer service the first time. Even if the executive sponsors chose to discount the cost assessments against the provisioning/billing and customer impacts, the value will still be apparent to everyone.
Another area that RPA shines in the SMB space is relative to transformation projects. As a business plans to consolidate systems or migrate to the next big technology, there are often legacy systems that need to be maintained during a transition period that can span many quarters or even years. The SMB companies do not have the army of IT staff the big multi-nationals have. They seldom have the budgets to build new API integrations or extend the middleware platform to accommodate the legacy system for the life of the transition. RPA solves this problem because it is so quick and relatively inexpensive to connect disparate systems.
RPA tools can be quickly repurposed once a process is no longer required. This quick turnaround time avoids expensive developer integration costs and effort. The SMB business case writer has to dig deep to shine the light on all the advantages RPA brings to the table. IT has to be much more than FTE reductions to gain traction. These tools are very impactful in the SMB markets. SMB is a great proving ground and the practitioners succeeding here, will succeed anywhere…